Paulo Paiva
Paulo Paiva is vice-president of the Inter-American Development Bank, and has held the positions of Brazilian Minister of Labor and Minister of Planning, both under President Cardoso. Trained as a demographer, Mr. Paiva has researched the effects of population aging on the Brazilian labor market, and is an expert on the issue of population growth and its consequences for employment and government expenditure.
Challenges' background paper.

Prof. Maria Hermínia Tavares de Almeida
Prof. Tavares de Almeida is a professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of São Paulo specializing in political institutions and organized interest groups in Latin America. Her current research is on privatization of state enterprises and the redefinition of the boundaries of state and market in Brazil. Professor Tavares de Almeida has published on the privatization of telecommunication firms and the political consequences for national enterprises of the growing flow of foreign capital into the Brazilian economy.
Challenges' background paper.

Luiz Marinho
Since 1996, Mr. Marinho has been president of the Metal Workers Union of the ABC, the main automotive industrial region in Brazil. In 1998, he negotiated an unprecedented agreement with Volkswagen Brazil, reducing the working day in order to save jobs. He also led the strike in one of Ford's main factories, after the corporation announced a mass layoff. Instead of keeping the workers out of the factory in protest, he had them go to work every day with their families. Mr.Marinho has been nominated by CNN and Time magazine as one of the top 50 Latin-American leaders for the 21st century.

Paulo Pereira da Silva
Mr. Da Silva is president of Força Sindical, one of the two main labor federations in Brazil, and of the Metal Workers Union of São Paulo and Moji das Cruzes, the largest union in Latin America. Born in the rural area of the southern state of Paraná, Mr. da Silva moved to São Paulo in 1976 to become a product inspector in the then burgeoning industrial economy of the city. As a labor organizer, Mr. da Silva is known for his ability to negotiate with sectors outside the labor movement, obtaining substantive gains for workers, and making Força Sindical the fastest growing labor federation in Brazil under the motto of "results-oriented organizing."
Challenges' background paper.

UC Berkeley Faculty Discussion Leaders

Prof. James Lincoln
Haas School of Business, Director - Institute of Industrial Relations

Prof. Jose Luiz Passos
Dept. of Spanish and Portuguese

Challenges for Brazil

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