Workshop Agenda

Workshop Speakers



Curriculum Materials


Mexico Facts

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Primary Source Documents

Acronym List

Glossary of Economic Terms



2003 Summer Institute for Teachers

Ten Years After NAFTA:
How Has Globalization Affected Mexico?


July 21

8:30-8:50 Sign-in — coffee, pastries

Welcome; Institute Overview


NAFTA: The Future of Its Past
Speaker: Prof. Alex Saragoza

The lecture will begin with an examination of the historical context of the agreement and its original goals. The lecture will then move to an historical overview of the performance of the agreement for the three countries, especially for Mexico, and its consequences. Particular attention will be given to issues of labor, gender, geography, and the economic benefits and liabilities of the agreement.

11:00-11:15 Break

Women, Natural Resources and Globalization
Speaker: Earth Duarte-Trattner
-read background paper, "Stop Biopiracy in Mexico!" (.pdf file)

Traditional indigenous midwives in Chiapas, Mexico, have resisted the extraction and conversion of their medicinal forms of knowledge and local varieties of flora into industrialized pharmaceuticals. While, just north in Oaxaca, genetically engineered corn has “invaded” Mexico through ecological pathways, the institutionalization of biotechnology in the US, NAFTA and corn “dumping.” This session will utilize these case studies to critically analyze globalization through the movement of resources, both into and out of Mexico: paying attention to issues of race, class, gender, and the environment.


Lunch provided by CLAS.


NAFTA and U.S.–Mexico Relations
Speaker: Ambassador Robert S. Pastorino

The NAFTA is ten years old. Most consider it to be successful in achieving most of the objectives set out for it by both Mexico and the United States. Although parts of it remain to be implemented in accordance with the original agreement, policy-makers are already looking at its lessons with a view of a possible next step in U.S.–Mexican economic relations.

3:00-3:15 Break

Tour of the International House; Introduction to I-House resources.

July 22

8:30-9:00 Coffee, pastries

Labor Relations in a Post-NAFTA Era
Speaker: Tamara Kay

An examination of the aftermath of six years of struggle against free trade in North America reveals a curious fact: North American labor unions, which for years had been isolated and estranged, created new ties of cooperation during the NAFTA negotiations. Moreover, they took advantage of the labor side agreement process by searching out allies in other NAFTA countries. The meaning of “labor relations” in a post-NAFTA era has therefore expanded to include relationships between Mexican, U.S., and Canadian unions.

10:15-10:30 Break

NAFTA and the New River
Speaker: Perlita Dicochea
-read background articles "Toxic River Becomes Path to USA" and "Border river is also sewage drain"

NAFTA and the expansion of the maquiladora industry have contributed to the growth of Mexicali’s economy as well as its population. The city’s infrastructure, however, has never been able to keep pace with such rapid growth. Even before NAFTA, Mexicali struggled to keep its overworked sewer system from spilling into the New River. To what extent is NAFTA responsible for the calamity that is the current New River pollution problem?

11:45-12:45 Lunch provided by CLAS

NAFTA from the Perspective of the Mexican Government
Speaker: Bernardo Mendez, Consul for Press and Trade

In a dual presentation about the economics, politics and society of Mexico today, the Honorable Georgina Lagos, Consul General of Mexico in San Francisco and Bernardo Mendez, Consul for Press and Trade, will be speaking on recent political changes focusing on a mid-term analysis of President Fox’s administration, economic challenges and the social needs of more than 100 million Mexicans. In addition, they will touch on the complex relation with the USA, focusing on Fox’s search for a NAFTA plus agreement that includes labor and immigration.

2:15-2:30 Break
2:30-3:30 Video: "Bill Moyers Reports: Trading Democracy: The Other Chapter 11"

Choose discussion topics for Wednesday

Wednesday morning, we will engage in focused discussions of some of the ideas presented in the workshop.

July 23

8:30-9:00 Coffee, pastries

Discussion of teacher-selected topics

10:15-10:30 Break

Meet in subject area groups to work on lesson plans. CLAS will provide sples and readings. Teachers, please bring in related curriculum to share.

11:45-12:00 Evaluation





Research Questions

What is globalization?

Why did the U.S., Mexico and Canada sign NAFTA?

Why were the labor and environment side agreements added?

Does the labor side agreement protect workers?

Does the environmental side agreement protect the environment?

What is Chapter 11?

How has globalization affected growth in Mexico?

Who benefits from NAFTA?

What is sustainable development?

Should NAFTA be expanded?

© 2012, The Regents of the University of California, Last Updated - December 11, 2003