following are notes from the teacher discussions. Bulleted points
represent the opinions of individual teachers and are not necessarily
those of the Center for Latin American Studies.
From Discussion One— What Is Globalization?
is globalization? What does it mean? Is it a neutral concept?
Definition: Globalization is a process, whether intended or unintended,
by which national economies become increasingly integrated due
to changing technology. This integration has an impact on populations
bullet represents a comment made by one participant.
affects population growth, urban development and transportation.
began as an unplanned outgrowth of technological change,
but corporations saw the possibility of economic benefit and
harnessing the process.
I think globalization was planned by corporations from the
is more planning today, with the World Trade Organization (WTO)
and free trade agreements like NAFTA.
the conflict between globalization and national economies,
the global economy is
push the process further for economic gain, but there is a
downside. There is a loss of cultural
are definitely winners and losers.
did globalization come from?
is a 20th century concept.
was nation-based. Globalization entered in the 1970s
with increases in trade, travel and communication.
nations cannot compete with the global movement
of speculative capital that is possible with new technology?
is globalization expected to achieve?
forces of globalization want to impose a capitalist set of
values on the
world that do not fit very well.
is leading to nonsustainable use of resources.
want globalization to create a world like the United States.
should be about creating global citizenship.
goal of globalization is economic development worldwide through
trade to increase
wealth, which may or may not be equitably
The corporations are in control. Their power is too great for
people to control.
not inevitable in the long-term. Conditions change because
ideas change to suit new situations.
is inevitable, but the current structure is not. That will
change with new ideas and conditions.
From Discussion Two— What
Are the Pros and Cons of Globalization?
good side of the loss of cultural uniqueness is it breaks
down the “us vs. them” mentality.
of cultural uniqueness.
sense of a global community. Cultures aren’t necessarily
lost but shared.
and the insecurity of local communities.
of women’s rights.
life span for the average person.
||Overpopulation — which
may be temporary.
are not available equally to everyone. For example, native
peoples are being forced into choices. Non-western peoples
and those in developing countries have fewer real choices.
spread of globally accepted human rights and organizations
like Amnesty International and Doctors Without Borders.
anger of those impatient for quick justice and fairness.
fact that the NAFTA side agreements on labor and the environment
labor and environment side agreements are very weak.
sense of global responsibility.
Notes From Discussion Three — What’s
next? Can NAFTA be reformed?
requires that all actors want to be reformed.
at least the government, didn’t want the side agreements.
Environmental and labor groups in the U.S. fought this agreement.
needs to be changed is the inequity between the rich and the
poor. There should be
grassroots organization to work with educating the populace.
- People need to vote.
could we restructure NAFTA?
something similar to the EU. Have a list of standards. If you
want to become part of the agreement, you must rise to them.
the EU, the labor standards in Germany and France were the
standards that other countries had to reach.
labor blocs may be losing effectiveness because of global organizations
like the WTO.
can’t we come together in solidarity to raise
everyone? The EU can continue to nurture solidarity by expanding to
- In the U.S. we have the concept of Manifest Destiny, which is a colonial
history in regard to Latin America.
can the labor and environmental standards be reformed?
can’t shove reforms down their throats.
need less arrogant leaders in the U.S. and to work through
the carrot and not the stick to persuade other countries.
the presence of NGOs to work at the grassroots level to pressure politicians,
slowly. Grassroots must vote.
unions should build ties with groups in Mexico.
need alternate visions and the ability to communicate them.
The world is thirsting for leadership.
NGO’s should get together
to work toward specific goals. They should work to break down differences.