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2003 Summer Institute for Teachers

Ten Years After NAFTA:
How Has Globalization Affected Mexico?


California History–Social Science Standards

The content of the workshop and this web site corresponds with the following California History–Social Science Standards:

10th Grade Social Studies Standards:

10.3    
Students analyze the effects of the Industrial Revolution in England, France, Germany, Japan, and the United States.

2. Examine how scientific and technological changes and new forms of energy brought about massive social, economic, and cultural change (e.g., the inventions and discoveries of James Watt, Eli Whitney, Henry Bessemer, Louis Pasteur, Thomas Edison).

3. Describe the growth of population, rural to urban migration, and growth of cities associated with the Industrial Revolution.

4. Trace the evolution of work and labor, including the demise of the slave trade and the effects of immigration, mining and manufacturing, division of labor, and the union movement.

5. Understand the connections among natural resources, entrepreneurship, labor, and capital in an industrial economy.

10.10  
Students analyze instances of nation-building in the contemporary world in at least two of the following regions or countries: the Middle East, Africa, Mexico and other parts of Latin America, and China.

1. Understand the challenges in the regions, including their geopolitical, cultural, military, and economic significance and the international relationships in which they are involved.

2. Describe the recent history of the regions, including political divisions and systems, key leaders, religious issues, natural features, resources, and population patterns.

3. Discuss the important trends in the regions today and whether they appear to serve the cause of individual freedom and democracy.

10.11  
Students analyze the integration of countries into the world economy and the information, technological, and communications revolutions (e.g., television, satellites, computers).


11th Grade Social Studies Standards:

11.6    
Students analyze the different explanations for the Great Depression and how the New Deal fundamentally changed the role of the federal government.

5.         Trace the advances and retreats of organized labor, from the creation of the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations to current issues of a postindustrial, multinational economy, including the United Farm Workers in California.

11.9 
Students analyze U.S. foreign policy since World War II.

7.         Examine relations between the United States and Mexico in the twentieth century, including key economic, political, immigration, and environmental issues.


12th Grade Social Studies Standards – Principles of Economics:

12.1    
Students understand common economic terms and concepts and economic reasoning.

1. Examine the causal relationship between scarcity and the need for choices.

2. Explain opportunity cost and marginal benefit and marginal cost.

3. Identify the difference between monetary and nonmonetary incentives and how changes in incentives cause changes in behavior.

4. Evaluate the role of private property as an incentive in conserving and improving scarce resources, including renewable and nonrenewable natural resources.

12.2
Students analyze the elements of America’s market economy in a global setting.

2. Discuss the effects of changes in supply and/or demand on the relative scarcity, price, and quantity of particular products.

3. Explain the roles of property rights, competition, and profit in a market economy.

4. Explain how prices reflect the relative scarcity of goods and services and perform the allocative function in a market economy.

5. Understand the process by which competition among buyers and sellers determines a market price.

7. Analyze how domestic and international competition in a market economy affects goods and services produced and the quality, quantity, and price of those products.

8. Explain the role of profit as the incentive to entrepreneurs in a market economy.

10. Discuss the economic principles that guide the location of agricultural production and industry and the spatial distribution of transportation and retail facilities.

12.3
Students analyze the influence of the federal government on the American economy.

1. Understand how the role of government in a market economy often includes providing for national defense, addressing environmental concerns, defining and enforcing property rights, attempting to make markets more competitive, and protecting consumer’s rights.

2. Identify the factors that may cause the costs of government actions to outweigh the benefits.

12.4
Students analyze the elements of the U.S. labor market in a global setting.

1. Understand the operations of the labor market, including the circumstances surrounding the establishment of principal American labor unions, procedures that unions use to gain benefits for their members, the effects of unionization, the minimum wage, and unemployment insurance.

2. Describe the current economy and labor market, including the types of goods and services produced, the types of skills workers need, the effects of rapid technological change, and the impact of international competition.

3. Discuss wage differences among jobs and professions, using the laws of demand and supply and the concept of productivity.

4. Explain the effects of international mobility of capital and labor on the U.S. economy

12.6
Students analyze issues of international trade and explain how the U.S. economy affects, and is affected by, economic forces beyond the United States’ borders.

1. Identify the gains in consumption and production efficiency from trade, with emphasis on the main products and changing geographic patterns of twentieth-century trade among countries in the Western Hemisphere.

2. Compare the reasons for and the effects of trade restrictions during the Great Depression compared with present-day arguments among labor, business, and political leaders over the effects of free trade on the economic and social interests of various groups of Americans.

3. Understand the changing role of international borders and territorial sovereignty in a global economy.

4. Explain foreign exchange, the manner in which exchange rates are determined, and the effects of the dollar’s gaining (or losing) value relative to other currencies.

 

 

Research Questions

What is globalization?

Why did the U.S., Mexico and Canada sign NAFTA?

Why were the labor and environment side agreements added?

Does the labor side agreement protect workers?

Does the environmental side agreement protect the environment?

What is Chapter 11?

How has globalization affected growth in Mexico?

Who benefits from NAFTA?

What is sustainable development?

Should NAFTA be expanded?

 
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